Studies show that exercise lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes.

July 20, 2022

Women who take more steps have a lower risk of developing diabetes than women who are more sedentary, according to a recent study published in the journal Diabetes Care. More active men have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than men who are more sedentary, according to a study published in the journal Metabolites.

About the Step Study

The 4,838 older women without diabetes who were followed for up to 6.9 years were the subject of the study, which was published in Diabetes Care. Their average age was 78.9. Their movements were tracked by accelerometers, which recorded both the quantity and the intensity of their steps, which were classified as light-intensity or moderate-to-vigorous-intensity. For the older women, each increase of 2,000 steps per day was linked to a 12 percent lower risk of type 2 diabetes after adjustment. Our findings show that moderate-to-vigorous-intensity steps were more strongly linked to a lower risk of diabetic events in older adults.

About the Metabolites Study

Data from 8,749 men who participated in the METabolic Syndrome in Men (METSIM) cohort study in Finland were utilized in the study on men's physical activity. They were 58 years old on average. The males were monitored for 7.8 years to reevaluate for diabetes; they did not have it at baseline. Men's weekly exercise frequency was measured using questionnaires to establish their degree of physical activity. Those who engaged in greater physical activity had a 39 percent lower risk of type 2 diabetes than those who did not.Increased insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion were also discovered to be linked to increased physical activity.

How Does Exercise Impact Diabetes Risk?

Studies have shown that regular exercise lowers the chance of developing type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. Physical activity also increases insulin sensitivity and the body's capacity to control blood sugar levels. Types of exercise vary, but they are all advantageous for preventing type 2 diabetes. Strength training, such as lifting weights, and aerobic exercise, like walking or swimming, can both improve blood sugar management.

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